Retirement Ages by Country 2021: Chart

The Retirement Age varies between countries. The general retirement age in the European Union is 65. In Spain, France and Germany the retirement age is set to increase to 67 years from 65 according to an article at The Finnish Center for Pensions. Some countries have different retirement ages for men and women. For example, in Switzerland the retirement ages for men and women are 65 and 64 respectively while in Russia, it is 61.5 years and 56.5 years respectively. In the US, both men and women have a retirement age of 66 years and 2 months.

The chart below shows the retirement age in select countries:

Click to enlarge

Source: Retirement Ages, The Finnish Center for Pensions

The Current Retirement Ages (2021):

 Current general retirement age (2021)Future retirement age
EU Men/ WomenRetirement age or men/women
Austria (AT)65 / 60 years 65 years (2033)
Belgium (BE)65 years 67 years (2030)
Bulgaria (BG)66 years and 8 months 67 years (2023)
Croatia (HR)65 / 62 years 69 months 67 years (2033)
Cyprus (CY)65 years65+ years (2023)
Czech (CZ)63 years and 10 months65 years (2036)
Denmark (DK)67 years; 66 years 6 months*67 years (2022); 68+ years (2030)
Estonia (EE)64 years65 years (2026)
68+ (2027)
Finland (FI)63 years 9 months – 68 years; 65 years*65+ years (2027); 65+ (2030)
 France (FR)66 years and 7 months 67 years  (2023)
Germany (DE)65 years and 9 months 67 (2031)
Great Britain (GBR)66 years68 (2046)
Greece (EL)67 years67+ years (2021)
Hungary (HU)65 years–
Ireland (IE)66 years68 years (2028)
Italy (IT)67 years67+ years (2022)
Latvia (LV)64 years 65 years (2025)
Lithuania (LT)64 years 2 months / 63 years 4 months 65 years (2026)
Luxembourg (LU) 65 years –
Malta (MT) 63 years 65 years (2027)
Netherlands (NL) 66 years 4 months 67+ years (2025)
Poland (PL) 65 years / 60 years –
Portugal (PT) 66 years and 6 months 66+ years (2016)
Romania (RO) 65 years / 61 years 6 –9 months -/63 years (2030)
Slovakia (SK) 62 years and 8–10 months 64 years (2030)
Slovenia (SI) 65 years –
Spain (ES) 66 years 67 years (2027)
Sweden (SE)62-68 years; 65 years*63-69 (2023),  63+ (2026); 66 (2023), 66+ (2026)
Other countries Men / Women Retirement age or men/women
Australia 58 years; 66 years 6 months*60 years (2024); 67 years (2023)*
Canada (CA) 65 years –
Iceland (IS) 67  years
Japan (JP)63 years / 61 years; 65*65 years (2025) / 65 years (2030); –
Norway (NO)62–75 years; 67 years* –
Russia (RU)61 years and 6 months / 56 years and 6 months65 years (2028); 60 (2028)
Switzerland (CH) 65 years / 64 years –
USA (US) 66 years 2 months 67 years (2027)
* FI, SE, DK, NO, AU and JP: the retirement age of the earnings-related pension has been separated from that of the national pension with a semicolon. GP= Government proposal or plan of equivalent administrative level+ = Retirement age rising along with the increasing life expectancy.

Note: The table lists first the earnings-related retirement age, then the national retirement age if it deviates from the first. Men’s and women’s retirement ages are also listed, if they differ from each other.

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